Saturday, September 14, 2019

Bird Protection using FireFly Bird Diverter II

Today more about birds and how to protect them against collision with power lines. Each year millions of birds die, especially when migrating in spring and autumn. The patented FireFly bird diverter device was invented and is manufactured by the Swedish company Hammarprodukter AB to protect all types of birds from being killed by high voltage powerlines and is distributed worldwide.

[click images to see larger ones]

Birds (many of them) have the ability to see UV (ultraviolet) light, which we humans cannot see! This following grahic makes this visible by comparing our human spectral range to the larger one birds have, based on them being tetrachromats (they see 4 colors: Ultraviolet, Blue, Green and Red), whereas we humans are trichromats (we see 3 colors: Blue, Green and Red).

Be reminded: The pink-magenta UV "color" used here to illustrate has been chosen to make it better visible for us humans, but it is a chosen "false color", as per definition UV light has no color!


The following are visual (left) and reflected ultraviolet (UV) light (right) images of the Hammarprodukter Firefly, shot using my multispectral Camera, a UV-Nikkor 105mm quartz fluorite lens and a suitable UV transmitting filter. These are real images, not made up ones.



The Hammarprodukter FireFly shows a very high UV reflection (around 370nm), as well as a very high visible light reflection by means of its special reflective decals and by this efficiently scares birds away, or makes them alter their flight path to a safer one, when approaching Firefly-protected high voltage powerlines!

HERE are some live video recordings I have done of birds being  effectively diverted 

HERE is more what I have written about bird vision!

HERE a link to the manufacturer product site Hammarprodukter.se

And HERE more about human vision vs bird vision and how to make that visible.

[all graphics shown here are (C) Hammarprodukter AB and Dr Klaus Schmitt, used with permission] 

More about that here later, as I took on the task to scientifically assist Hammarprodukter AB.

Stay tuned, more will follow on this fascinating subject...

Wednesday, September 11, 2019

Garden in reflected ultraviolet photography and simulated bee vision

One of the most famous gardens in our area here in Weinheim, Germany is Schau- und Sichtungsgarten Hermannshof . Today I took some multispectral shots there, in normal human vision VIS, in UV using the Baader-U filter, as well as in simulated bee vision using my XBV filters respectively.

[click on image to get a larger view]

Human vision (VIS):


Reflected ultraviolet (UV):


Simulated Bee vision (BV):


Diptych VIS-UV:


Diptych VIS-BV:


This multispectral look at it reaveals a lot of otherwise invisible details, like the UV nectar patterns the yellow Rudbeckia flowers have. It wasn't my first time there, but certainly not my last time...

Stay tuned, more will follow on that fascinating subject...

More info on this very interesting field may be found on my site http://www.pbase.com/kds315/uv_photos

Friday, September 6, 2019

Oncostele Wildcat 'Golden Red Star' in visible, reflected UV, simulated bee and butterfly vision - 3D Stereo

Today shots of an Orchid hybride, Oncostele Wildcat 'Golden Red Star' in reflected ultraviolet photography as well as simulated bee and butterfly vision  - but also in 3D stereo crosseye presentation. UV filter used was the Baader-U filter, my "work horse" filter for reflected UV as well as my proprietary XBV filters. All shots were done at f8 using an UV-Nikkor f4.5/105mm lens. Light source used was a modified for high UV output Xenon flash.

[click on image to see a larger one]

Human Vision (VIS):
 

Reflected UV (Baader-U):
 

Simulated Butterfly Vision:
 

Simulated Bee Vision:
 

Quadriptych of the above (non-stereo):
 

This orchid has a very specific UV pattern, its petals are very UV dark, but the lower petal lip has on its lower center a very UV bright spot, as well as on its center "nose" formation an UV reflecting spot and all this gets nicely visible, also in 3D stereo (UV reflection shows as light blue)

I have written more about this orchid HERE and about Differentials HERE

Stay tuned, more will follow on that fascinating subject...

More info on this very interesting field may be found on my site http://www.pbase.com/kds315/uv_photos

Sunday, September 1, 2019

Spider Web reflects UV to attract prey II

I was reading some time ago a paper that spider webs would actually reflect ultraviolet (UV) light, so as to attract prey (insects like bees etc) and I shot this quite a while ago. Now it just happened again that I found a web in one corner of my balcony, so why not take some reflected UV and visible light shots and test it out? Lens used was my UV-Nikkor 105mm, for reflected ultraviolet light I used my "work horse" UV filter, the Baader-U filter. Light source was available light and some 365nm UV LED light.

[click on image yields a larger one]

Spider web in visible light (hardly visible at all) with some prey:


and now the proof that the web actually reflects UV light strongly:


Here two diptychs showing this side-a-side (visible light is left, reflected UV on the right):



Detail of the above:



Quite an interesrting find and another proof, how useful reflected UV photography can be!

I have reviously written about that HERE

Stay tuned, more will follow on that fascinating subject...

More info on this very interesting field may be found on my site http://www.pbase.com/kds315/uv_photos

Wednesday, August 28, 2019

Black-eyed Susan - Rudbeckia hirta in reflected ultraviolet photography and simulated bee and butterfly vision 3D stereo XVI

Today more crosseye 3D stereo shots of another such beautiful flower, originating from the USA Prairie, a Black-eyed Susan - Rudbeckia hirta in reflected ultraviolet photography using my "work horse" UV filter, the Baader-U filter, as well as in simulated bee and butterfly vision using my XBV filters. All shots were done at f16. Lens was a UV-Nikkor 105mm quartz fluorite lens. Light source was a modified Xenon flash.

[click on image to see a larger one]

Human vision:
 

Reflected ultraviolet (UV):
 

Simulated butterfly vision:
 

Simulated bee vision:
 

Quadriptych of human vision, ultraviolet, simulated butterfly and bee vision (left to right, top to bottom):
 

Also this flower shows a very prominent UV bullseye pattern, as its petal tips are very UV bright (around 365nm) and its center is very UV dark, and all this gets nicely visible in 3D stereo, also in simulated bee and butterfly vision.

I have previously written about that flower HERE
 
Stay tuned, more will follow on that fascinating subject...

More info on this very interesting field may be found on my site http://www.pbase.com/kds315/uv_photos

Saturday, August 24, 2019

Black-eyed Susan - Rudbeckia hirta in reflected ultraviolet photography and simulated bee and butterfly vision 3D stereo XV

Today crosseye 3D stereo shots of that beautiful flower, originating from the USA Prairie, a Black-eyed Susan - Rudbeckia hirta in reflected ultraviolet photography using my "work horse" UV filter, the Baader-U filter, as well as in simulated bee and butterfly vision using my XBV filters. All shots were done at f16. Lens was a UV-Nikkor 105mm quartz fluorite lens. Light source was a modified Xenon flash.

[click on image to see a larger one]

Human vision:
 

Reflected ultraviolet (UV):
 

Simulated butterfly vision:
 

Simulated bee vision:
 

Quadriptych of human vision, ultraviolet, simulated butterfly and bee vision (left to right, top to bottom):
 

This flower shows a very prominent UV bullseye pattern, as its petal tips are very UV bright (around 365nm) and its center is very UV dark, and all this gets nicely visible in 3D stereo, also in simulated bee and butterfly vision.

I have previously written about that flower HERE
 
Stay tuned, more will follow on that fascinating subject...

More info on this very interesting field may be found on my site http://www.pbase.com/kds315/uv_photos

Friday, August 23, 2019

Black-eyed Susan - Rudbeckia hirta in reflected ultraviolet photography and simulated bee and butterfly vision XIV

Today shots of a beautiful flower, originating from the USA Prairie, a Black-eyed Susan - Rudbeckia hirta in reflected ultraviolet photography using my "work horse" UV filter, the Baader-U filter, as well as in simulated bee and butterfly vision using my XBV filters. All shots were done at f16. Lens was a UV-Nikkor 105mm quartz fluorite lens. Light source was a modified Xenon flash.

[click on image to see a larger one]

Human vision:
 

Reflected ultraviolet (UV):
 

Simulated butterfly vision:
 

Simulated bee vision:
 

Quadriptych of human vision, ultraviolet, simulated butterfly and bee vision (left to right, top to bottom):
 

This flower shows a very prominent UV bullseye pattern, as its petal tips are very UV bright (around 365nm) and its center is very UV dark, and all this gets nicely visible, also in simulated bee and butterfly vision.

I have previously written about that flower HERE
 
Stay tuned, more will follow on that fascinating subject...

More info on this very interesting field may be found on my site http://www.pbase.com/kds315/uv_photos

Monday, August 19, 2019

St. John's wort - Hypericum in reflected ultraviolet photography and simulated bee and butterfly vision

Today some outdoor shots of that attractive yellow flower, a St. John's wort - Hypericum sp. shot in reflected ultraviolet photography, simulated bee and butterfly vision. All shots were done at f8 in reflected ultraviolet photography using my "work horse" UV filter, the Baader-U filter, as well as my XBV filters for simulated bee and butterfly vision. Lens was a UV-Nikkor 105mm quartz fluorite lens. Light source was sunlight.

[click on image to see a larger one]

Human vision:
 

Reflected UV:
 

Simulated butterfly vision:
 

Simulated bee vision:
 

Quadriptych of human vision, UV, simulated butterfly and bee vision (left to right, top to bottom):
 

Hypericum's outer petals strongly reflect UV around 365nm, whereas its stamens are quite darker, reflecting around 385nm, hence forming UV nectar guides for UV seeing insects. This all invisible to us humans, but clearly visible to bees and butterflies, and all this gets nicely visible here, also in simulated bee and butterfly vision.

Stay tuned, more will follow on that fascinating subject...

More info on this very interesting field may be found on my site http://www.pbase.com/kds315/uv_photos

Saturday, August 17, 2019

The Bausch & Lomb f4.5 / 9" (229mm) lens for reflected UV

Quite a few years ago I got an older lens, which was made many years ago by famous lens maker Bausch & Lomb, Rochester NY. It is a golden color coated, heavy and well made f4.5 / 9" (229mm) lens which attracted me, since it was made to record images displayed by a P-16 phosphor screen. Nothing special actually, but since P-16 phosphor emits at about max. 380nm, that attracted me most for my UV work.

 

A while ago I tested it against the Coastal Optics Micro Apo 105mm and the Nikon UV Nikkor 105mm and it perfomed very well.

[click on image gets you a larger image]

Today now the spectrometric results in comparison to the Kuribayashi 3.5/35mm lens, one of the best performing "normal" lenses for UV:



It gets pretty clear that the B&L lens has a very high UV performance, at 365nm it transmits 74%, whereas the Kuribayashi has 80%, so very close to it. A very useful long focal length lens for reflected UV.

Stay tuned, more will follow on that fascinating subject...

More info on this very interesting field may be found on my site http://www.pbase.com/kds315/uv_photos

Monday, July 22, 2019

Treasury flower - Gazania rigens in reflected ultraviolet photography and simulated bee and butterfly vision XXVIII

Today more outdoor shots of that long blooming flower, a orange-red Gazania flower, the Treasury flower - Gazania rigens shot in reflected ultraviolet photography, simulated bee and butterfly vision. All shots were done at f8 in reflected ultraviolet photography using my "work horse" UV filter, the Baader-U filter, as well as my XBV filters for simulated bee and butterfly vision. Lens was a UV-Nikkor 105mm quartz fluorite lens. Light source was sunlight and some Nichia 365nm UV LED help.

[click on image to see a larger one]

Human vision:
 

Reflected UV:
 

Reflected UV with 365nm UV LED light:
 

Reflected UV with alternative UV filter:
 

Reflected UV with alternative UV filter and 365nm UV LED light:
 

Quadriptych of human vision, UV, alternative filtered UV (with and without UV LED light):
 

This Gazania's outer petals strongly reflect UV around 365nm, whereas the inner petal parts are quite darker, hence forming UV nectar guides for UV seeing insects. There are also some highly UV reflecting marks inside around a dark UV center, all invisible to us humans, but clearly visible to bees and butterflies, and all this gets nicely visible here.

I have written about this Gazania previously HERE
 
Stay tuned, more will follow on that fascinating subject...

More info on this very interesting field may be found on my site http://www.pbase.com/kds315/uv_photos

Treasury flower - Gazania rigens in reflected ultraviolet photography and simulated bee and butterfly vision XXVII

Today some outdoor shots of that long blooming flower, a orange-red Gazania flower, the Treasury flower - Gazania rigens shot in reflected ultraviolet photography, simulated bee and butterfly vision. All shots were done at f8 in reflected ultraviolet photography using my "work horse" UV filter, the Baader-U filter, as well as my XBV filters for simulated bee and butterfly vision. Lens was a UV-Nikkor 105mm quartz fluorite lens. Light source was sunlight.

[click on image to see a larger one]

Human vision:
 

Reflected UV:
 

Simulated butterfly vision:
 

Simulated bee vision:
 

Quadriptych of human vision, UV, simulated butterfly and bee vision (left to right, top to bottom):
 

This Gazania's outer petals strongly reflect UV around 365nm, whereas the inner petal parts are quite darker, hence forming UV nectar guides for UV seeing insects. There are also some highly UV reflecting marks inside around a dark UV center, all invisible to us humans, but clearly visible to bees and butterflies, and all this gets nicely visible here, also in simulated bee and butterfly vision.

I have written about this Gazania previously HERE
 
Stay tuned, more will follow on that fascinating subject...

More info on this very interesting field may be found on my site http://www.pbase.com/kds315/uv_photos

Wednesday, July 17, 2019

Apache beggarticks - Bidens ferulifolia in reflected ultraviolet photography, simulated bee and butterfly vision XIV

Today shots of that long blooming spring flower hybride Apache beggarticks - Bidens ferulifolia in reflected ultraviolet photography and simulated bee and butterfly vision. All shots were done at f8 in reflected ultraviolet photography using my "work horse" UV filter, the Baader-U filter as well as a new alternative "colorful" XSP UV transmission filter, and my XBV filters for simulated bee and butterfly vision. Lens was a UV-Nikkor 105mm quartz fluorite lens. Light source was sunlight and a little help from my Nichia 365nm UV LED.

[click on image to see a larger one]

Human vision:
 

Reflected UV:
 

Alternative colorful reflected UV filtering:
 

Simulated butterfly vision:
 

Simulated bee vision:
 

Quadriptych of human vision, UV, alternative reflected UV and simulated butterfly vision (left to right, top to bottom):
 

Quadriptych of human vision, UV, simulated butterfly and bee vision (left to right, top to bottom):
 

Bidens has a strong visible UV pattern, its petal tips are UV bright around 365nm, its center is quite UV dark, so this gets quite nicely visible in simulated butterfly and bee vision, also using that standard UV (Baader U) and new alternative reflected UV filter which delivers rather colorful UV images.

I have written about Bidens previously HERE
 
Stay tuned, more will follow on that fascinating subject...

More info on this very interesting field may be found on my site http://www.pbase.com/kds315/uv_photos