Tuesday, August 26, 2008

Literature on UV (and IR) Photography

Now this one won't contain pictures and new findings, but a list of literature which deals with UV photography. I have collected that over the years and I am very greatful for the work of Dres. Williams who have provided also quite a few useful resources which I will happily included also.

So here it is:

1) Quirke, B.A. "Forged, Anonymous, And Suspect Documents", Routledge & Sons, London, 1930 where in chapter XXII on some 19pp ultraviolet and flourescence photography is used to make forgeries visible
2) Matthews S.K., "Photography in Archeology and Art", Humanities Press, London 1968, chap. 12 some 8pp on UV and IR photography
3) Engel, Ch.E. (Ed.) "Photography for the Scientist", Academic Press, London and NY, 1st Edition, 1968, Chapter 8 by Peter Hansell on Ultraviolett and Fluorescence recording, ca 19pp
4) Morton, R.A. (Ed.) "Photography for the Scientist", Academic Press, London and NY, 2nd Edition, 1984, Chapter 8 by Peter Hansell and Raymond J. Lunnon on Ultraviolett and Fluorescence recording, ca 33pp
5) Arnold, Rolls, Stewart, "Applied Photography", Focal Press, London and New York, 1st Ed. 1971, chap. 8 Ultraviolet Photography, 48pp very detailled about lighting, filters, lenses, developping, detectors, applications
6) Rorimer J.J., "Ultra-Violet Rays and their use in the Examination of Works of Art", Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1931 with tons of pictured examples
7) Pountney, H. "Police Photography", Applied Science Publishers LTD, London, Elsevier 1971, chap. 8 Ultraviolet Photography, 10pp on forensic applications.
8) Spitzing G. "Grenzbereiche der Photographie" Heering Verlag, 1968, Teil III UV-Fotopraxis, ca 36pp on that topic, also on IR and Polarization (in German Language)
9) Spitzing G., "Infrarot-und UV-Fotografie", Laterna Magica 1981 (in German Language) [original in Dutch Language "Infrarood en Ultraviolet Fotografie, Elsevier 1979], Teil III Die Ultraviolett-Aufzeichnung, ca. 34 pp on that topic (lights, filters, lenses, fluorescence,...)
10) Kodak, "Infrared & Ultraviolet Photography", Kodak Tech. Publ. No. M-27/28-H, Eastman Kodak 1972

Online sources:
Davidhazy on forgery: http://people.rit.edu/andpph/text-infrared-ultraviolet.html

And the very comprehensive literature list assembled by Professors Williams (including the famous LUNNON sources who in a way pioneered UV photography is mentioned several times in there) http://msp.rmit.edu.au/Article_01/16.html

This is it, in case the site is not online or the link does not function:

The Williams References:
Anselmo,V. & Zawacki,B. (1973), "Infrared photography as a diagnostic tool for the burn wound." Quan. Imagery Biomed. Sci. II:40:181 -188
Arnold, C., Rolls, P. and Stewart, J., 1971, Applied Photography Focal Press, London.
Baines, H., 1950, "Proceedings of The Royal Photographic Society Conference on Photography in the invisible radiations," Photogr. J. 90B:82-83.
Blaker, A. 1968. "Ultraviolet photography." South African Archaeological Bulletin 23: 23-24.
Braga, M., 1936, "Informations pour la photographie des lesions superficielles dans l'infrarouge," Science et Ind. Photographie. 7 (12):423-424.
Cameron, J., Ruddick, R. and Grant, J., 1973, "Ultraviolet photography in medicine," Forensic Photogr. 2 (3):9-12.
Cutignola, A. and Bullough, P., 1991, "Photographic reproduction of anatomic specimens using ultraviolet illumination." Am J Surg Path. 15(11): 1096-1099.
David, T. J. 1994. "Recapturing a five month-old bite mark by means of reflective ultraviolet photography. J. Forensic Sci., 39(6): 1560-7.
DeMent, J. and Culbertson, R., 1951, "Comparative photography in dental science,' Dent. Radiogr. Photogr. 24 (2):28-34.
Dent, R., 1938, "The photographic illustration of medical subjects," Photogr. J.78:197-207.
Drury, D. and Bullough, P., 1970, "Improved photographic reproduction of bone and cartilage specimens using ultraviolet illumination," Med. Biol. Illus. 20:57-58.
Frair, J. & West, M., 1989, "Ultraviolet forensic photography," Kodak Tech Bits 2:3-11.
Frair, J. West, M. and Davies, J., 1989, "A new film for ultraviolet photography," J. For. Sci. 34 (1):234-238.
Fulton, J., 1997, "Utilizing the ultraviolet (UV Detect) camera to enhance the appearance of Photodamage and other skin conditions," Dermatol Surg 23 : 163-169.
Gilchrest, B., Fitzpatrick T., Anderson R., and Parrish J., 1977, "Localisation of melanin pigmentation in the skin with Wood's lamp," Brit. J. Derm. 96:245-248.
Goldstein, N., Wilder, N. Mita, R. and Chinn, D., 1975, "Ultraviolet photography of skin cancers and nevi," Cutis 16:858-865.
Goldstein, N., Wilder, N. & Mita, R., "1977 Ultraviolet photography, skin cancer diagnosis, and other clinical applications," Funct. Photogr. 12 (3):34-37.
Hansell, P., 1961, "Ultraviolet radiations," In Medical photography in practice Linsson, E. (Ed). 175-192. Fountain Press. London.
Hempling, S., 1981, "The applications of clinical forensic medicine," Med. Sci. Law 21 (3):215-222.
Kodak., 1987, Ultraviolet and Fluorescence Photography, (Publication M27) (Rochester, NY : Eastman Kodak Ltd)
Krauss, T. & Warlen, S., 1985, "The forensic science uses of reflective ultraviolet photography," J. Forensic Sci. 30 (1): 262-268.
Krauss, T., 1989, "Close-up medical photography: forensic considerations and techniques," In:Legal Medicine Wecht, C. (Ed).Butterworths. USA.
Lavigne, D., 1976, "Counting Harp seals with ultraviolet photography," Polar Record 18:(114):269-277.
Lindenstam, B., 1959, "The use of ultraviolet light in dental photography," Med. Biol. Illustr. 9 (1):26-29.
Lunnon, R., 1959, "Direct ultraviolet photography of the skin," Med. Biol. Illustr 9 (3):150-154.
Lunnon, R., 1961, "Some observations on the photography of diseased skin," Med. Biol.lllustr.11:98-103.
Lunnon, R., 1968, "Clinical ultraviolet photography," J. Biol. Photogr. 36(2): 72-78.
Lunnon, R., 1974, "Reflective ultraviolet photography in medicine," MSc Thesis. Faculty of Medicine. University of London.
Lunnon, R., 1976, "Reflected ultraviolet photography of human tissues," Med. Biol. Illustr.26:139-144,
Lunnon, R., 1979, "Direct or reflected UV photography," Photogr. J. 119:380-381.
Lynnerup, N. 1995, "Routine use of ultraviolet light in medicolegal examinations to evaluate stains and skin trauma." Med Sci & Law 35(2) 165-168.
Marshall, R., 1976, "Infrared and ultraviolet photography in a study of the selective absorption of radiation by pigmented lesions of the skin," Med. Biol. lllustr. 26:71-84.
Marshall, R., 1977, " A study of the selective absorption of ultra-violet and infra-red radiation by some pigmented lesions of the skin," PhD Thesis. CNAA. London.
Marshall, R., 1980, "Evaluation of a diagnostic test based on photographic photometry of infrared and ultraviolet radiation, reflected by pigmented lesions of the skin," J. Audiovis. Media Med. 3:94-98.
Marshall, R., 1981, "Ultraviolet photography in detecting latent halos of pigmented lesions." J. Audiovis. Media Med. 4:127-129.
Marshall, R., 1981, "Infrared and ultraviolet reflectance measurements as an aid to the diagnosis of pigmented lesions of skin," J. Audiovis. Media Med. 4:11-14.
Marshall, R., 1982, " A television method for measuring infrared and ultraviolet reflectances of pigmented lesions," J. Audiovis. Media Med. 5:51-55.
Menezes, S. and Monteiro, C. 1996. "Damage to UV-sensitive cells by short ultraviolet in photographic flashes" Photochem & Photobiol 64(3): 542-546.
Morikawa, F., Nakayama, Y., Iikura, T., Nakajima, K., Ohta, S. and Ishihara, M., 1981, "The application of photographic techniques for the differentiation of the location of melanin pigment in the skin," Chapter 2. In "Biology and diseases of dermal pigmentation. " 231-243. Fitzpatrick, T. (Ed). University of Tokyo Press.
Murray, A., 1988, "A routine method for the quantification of physical change in melanocytic naevi using digital image processing," J. Audiovis. Media Med. 11:52-57.
Mustakallio, K. & Korhonen, P., 1966, "Monochromatic ultraviolet photography in dermatology," J. Investig. Derm. 47:351-356.
Nieuwenhuis, G., 1991, "Lens focus shift required for reflected ultraviolet and infrared photography," J. BioI. Photogr.59:17-20.
Phillips, R., 1976, "Photography as an aid to dermatology," Med. BioI Illustr. 26:161-166.
Ray, S., 1988, " Applied photographic optics - imaging systems for photography, film and video." Focal Press London.
Ritter, J., 1801, Intelligenzblatt der Erlanger Litteraturzeitung, No 16 Feb 22.
Ruddick, R., 1974, A technique for recording bite marks for forensic studies," Med. BioI. Illustr.24:128-129.
Sakita, T. & Utsumi, Y., 1964, "Ultraviolet photography of the stomach," Med. BioI. Illustr. 14 (3):166-169.
Seabrook, W. 1941. "Doctor Wood, Modern Wizard of the Laboratory." New York.
Schneider, R., Cimrmancic, M & West, M. 1996, "Narrow band imaging and fluorescence and its role in wound pattern documentation" J. Biol. Photogr. 64(3): 67-75.
Starrs, J. 1993. "New techniques: ultraviolet imaging - Don't go West, young man - Mississippi Court says; The 'West Phenomenon' seen as less blue light than blue smoke and mirrors." Scientific Sleuthing Rev. 17(1) 13-14.
Vigne, P., 1927, "Emploi de la lumiere ultraviolette de Wood pour le depistage des teignes," Proc. Gong. Derm. Francaise. Bruxelles. July 1926. 1765.
West, M., Billings, J. & Frair, J., 1987, "Ultraviolet photography: bite marks on human skin and suggested technique for the exposure and development of reflective ultraviolet photography," J. Foren. Sci. 32 (5):1204-1213.
West, M., Frair, J. & Seal, M., 1989, "Ultraviolet photography of wounds on human skin," J. Foren. ldent. 39 (2):87-96.
West, M., Barsley, R., Frair, J., and Stuart, W., 1990, "Reflective ultraviolet imaging systems (RUVIS) and the detection of trace evidence and wounds on human skin." J. Forensic Ident. 40(5): 249-255.
West, M., Barsley, R., Frair, J. and Stewart, W., 1992, "Ultraviolet radiation and its role in wound pattern documentation," J. Forensic Sci. 37(6):1466-1479.
West, M., Barsley, R., Hall, J., Hayne, S. & Cimrmancic, M. 1992. "The detection and documentation of trace wound patterns by use of an alternate light source." J. Forensic Sci. 37(6): 1480-1488.
West, M., Barsley, R & Hayne, S. 1992. "The first conviction using alternative light photography of trace wound patterns." J Forensic Ident. 42(6) 517-522.
Williams, A. R, 1988, "Reflected ultraviolet photography," J. Biol. Photogr. 56:3-11.
Williams, A.R. & Williams, G., 1993, "The invisible image - a tutorial on photography with invisible radition, Part 1 : introduction and reflected ultraviolet techniques." J Biol Photogr. 61(4):115-132.
Wood, R., 1903, "On screens transparent only to ultraviolet light and their use in spectrum photography," Phil. Mag. 5 S6:(26):257-263.
Wood, R., 1910, "Photography by invisible rays," Photogr. J. 50 (Oct.):329-338.
Wood, R., 1919, "Communications secretes au moyen de rayons lumineux," J. Phys. Theor. Appl. 9:77-90.

So I guess the oldest (1903/1910) source should be by the inventor of the famous "Woods glass" Prof. Robert Williams Wood, who made the first UV transmitting glass filter and the reason why these filters sometimes are still called "Woods Glass".
Here is his bio: http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/biography/Wood.html
Interview from 1913:  

So I hope you found these sources as helpful as I do....

Stay tuned, more will follow on that fascinating subject...

More info on this very interesting field may be found on my site http://www.pbase.com/kds315/uv_photos

Monday, August 25, 2008

UV enhances the resolution

I have always talked about here, that UV photography enhances the resolution of the images by a factor of about 546nm/365nm = 1.5x, so today some proof that this theorem holds.

And here now the results of these test shots, identical conditions, shooting a piece of old sandlewood, using my UV Rodagon 60mm lens @f8, Baader U-filter, Nikon SB-140 UV flash .

Visual shot is left, UV shot on the right (bw version) [click on image to see a much larger image]:

And here a recent shot using the UV Nikkor 105mm, Xenon flash at f8, left UV shot (Baader U-filter 310-390nm, right shot white light, unfiltered) of skin (female hand, afro-american heritage)

It gets quite obvious, that the resolution of the UV shot is much higher.

Should I find the time, I will re-shoot that test using a monochromatic light source for UV, such as my Nichia 365nm UV LED lamp and a narrowband filter for visible light also, such as 546nm (green), and again compare the results then.

Stay tuned, more will follow on that fascinating subject...

More info on this very interesting field may be found on my site http://www.pbase.com/kds315/uv_photos

Friday, August 22, 2008

White Hortensia as seen from the invisible world

These are shots of a white Hortensia my florist Christian Mayer in Weinheim gave me today, since he was curious to see how that one would look like in the "invisible world" (in preparation of our forthcoming exhibition on September 21st).

And here now the results, using my calibrated for UV X35 lens, Baader U-filter, Nichia UV LED lamp. [click on image to see a larger version]

Visual shot:

UV shot:

UV induced fluorescence shot:

UV remapped into the Visual space "bee vision":

So I hope you like these shots of a beautiful white Hortensia as much as I do....

Stay tuned, more will follow on that fascinating subject...

More info on this very interesting field may be found on my site http://www.pbase.com/kds315/uv_photos

UV helps to recover details of fossils

Today it is about fossils. Fossils and UV? Yes, since UV is not only able to resolve about 60% more details than a visual shot due to the shorter wavelength used, it also allows to extract more information by combining a visual and an UV shot into one using my remapping technique.

So lets see this on an example, here an about 100 Million year old squid. The lens used in that case was a calibrated for UV X90 lens plus my famous Baader U-filter (310-390nm) with perfect IR suppression.

[click on image to see a larger version]

Visual shot:

UV shot:

UV remapped into the Visual space:

I find it quite interesting that the remapped image reveals quite a bit more information now and due to the different colors helps to differentiate details of that fossilized squid much easier.

I have written about fossils previously HERE

So I hope you like it as much as I do....

Stay tuned, more will follow on that fascinating subject...

More info on this very interesting field may be found on my site http://www.pbase.com/kds315/uv_photos